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API 6A-2018(第21版)井口装置和采油树设备规范(中英对照) (可复制编辑版本)

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 Specification for Wellhead and
Tree Equipment井口装置和采油树设备
API SPECIFICATION 6A
TWENTY-FIRST EDITION, NOVEMBER 2018
API 6A规范第21版,2018年11月
API MONOGRAM PROGRAM EFFECTIVE DATE: NOVEMBER 2019
API会标程序生效日期:2019年11月

Special Notes特别说明
API publications necessarily address problems of a general nature. With respect to particular circumstances,
local, state, and federal laws and regulations should be reviewed. API 出版物仅针对一般性质问题。涉及特定情况时,应查阅地方、州和联邦法规。
Neither API nor any of AP I's employees, subcontractors, consultants, committees, or other assignees make any warranty or representation, either express or implied, with respect to the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of the information contained herein, or assume any liability or responsibility for any use, or the results of such use, of any information or process disclosed in this publication. Neither API nor any of API's employees, subcontractors, consultants, or other assignees represent that use of this publication would not infringe upon privately owned rights. API 或 API 的任何雇员、转包商、顾问、委员会或其他受托人,均不担保也不承诺(无论明示还是暗指)本国际标准所包含信息的准确性、完整性和适用性,对于本国际标准中所披露的任何信息的使用及其后果,也不承担任何义务和责任。API 或 API 的任何雇员、转包商、顾问或其他受托人,也不承诺本国际标准的使用不会侵犯其他人的专有权利。
API publications may be used by anyone desiring to do so. Every effort has been made by the Institute to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the data contained in them; however, the Institute makes no representation, warranty, or guarantee in connection with this publication and hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting from its use or for the violation of any authorities having jurisdiction with which this publication may conflict. API 出版物可供任何愿意使用的人使用。本学会已做出很大努力以确保出版物内的数据准确可靠,但是,本学会对本出版物不作任何声明、不担保或不承担责任,因此,断然拒绝承担因使用本出版物而造成的损失或伤害责任,也不承担因使用本出版物而侵犯司法权力机构的责任。
API publications are published to facilitate the broad availability of proven, sound engineer ing and operating practices. These publications are not intended to obviate the need for applying sound engineering judgment regarding when and where these publications should be used. The formulation and publication of API publications is not intended in any way to inhibit anyone from using any other practices. API 出版物是为了促进已被验证为良好的工程技术和操作方法的广泛应用。对于宜在何时、何处采用这些出版物,其不排除进行良好工程判断的要求。API 出版物的制定和发布,无意以任何方式限制任何人采用其他的做法。
Users of this specification should not rely exclusively on the information contained in this document. Sound business, scientific, engineering, and safety judgment should be used in employing the information contained herein. 本标准的使用者不宜仅依赖于本文所含信息。在使用本文所含信息时,宜结合妥善的商业判断、科学判断、工程判断和安全判断。
Any manufacturer marking equipment or materials in conformance with the marking requirements of an API standard is solely responsible for conforming to all the applicable requirements of that standard. API does not represent, warrant, or guarantee that such products do in fact conform to the applicable API standard. 按照 API 标准的标记要求对其设备或材料进行标记的任何制造商,应对产品符合该标准的所有相应要求负完全责任。美国石油学会不声明、不担保或保证这些产品确实符合相应的 API 标准。
All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced ,translated ,stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted by any means,electronic , mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission fro m the publisher .Contact the publisher, API Publishing Services, 1220 L Street, NW, Washington , DC 20005 .
版权所有,违者必究。在没有得到出版商的书面批准之前,任何人都不允许在检索系统中复制和保存本文件中的任何内容或采用电子、机械、复印、录像或者其他方式传播本文件中的任何内容。 请联系出版商美国石油学会出版业务部,地址:1220 L Street,NW,Washington,DC 20005。
Copyright © 2018 American Petroleum Institute
iii

Foreword前言
Nothing contained in any AP I publication is to be construed as granting any right, by implication or otherwise , for the manufacture, sale, or use of any method, apparatus, or product covered by letters patent. Neither should anything contained in the publication be construed as insuring anyone against liability for infringement of letters patent. 任何 API 出版物的内容不能解释为,用暗示或其他方式授权进行与专利特许证有关的任何方法、设备或产品的制造、销售或使用。也不能解释为可以为任何人侵犯专利特许证开脱责任。
The verbal forms used to express the provisions in this specification are as follows: 用于表示本规范中规定的动词形式如下:
the term "shall" denotes a minimum requirement in order to conform to the standard; Shall:本标准中使用的“shall”译为“应”,指符合本规范的最低要求。
the term "should" denotes a recommendation or that which is advised but not required in order to
conform to the standard; Should:本标准中使用的“should”译为“宜”,指符合本规范的推荐或建议而非要求。
the term "may" is used to express permission or a provision that is optional; “可”一词用于表示许可或可选择的条款;
the term "can" is used to express possibility or capability. “可以”一词是用来表示可能性或能力的。
This document was produced under API standardization procedures that ensure appropriate notification and participation in the developmental process and is designated as an API standard. Questions concerning the interpretation of the content of this publication or comments and questions concerning the procedures under which this publication was developed should be directed in writing to the Director of Standards, American Petroleum Institute, 1220 L Street, NW , Washington, DC 20005. Requests for permission to reproduce or trans late all or any part of the material published herein should also be addressed to the director. 在保证制定过程中适当公告和参与的基础上制定的,并称之为 APl 标准。有关本标准内容的解释和对制定程序的看法与问题,可直接致函美国石油学会标准部总经理(1220 L Street,NW,Washington,DC 20005)。翻印或翻译本出版物全部或其中任何一部分内容,应向总经理提出申请许可。
For API Monogram Program licensees and APIQR Program registrants, this standard shall become effective
on the program date printed on the cover but may be used voluntarily from the date of publication. 对于API会标程序许可人和APIQR程序注册人,本标准应在打印在封面上的程序日期生效,但可自公布之日起自动使用。
Generally, API standards are reviewed and revised, reaffirmed, or withdrawn at least every 5 years. A one-time extension of up to 2 years may be added to this review cycle. Status of the publication can be ascertained from the API Standards Department, telephone (202) 682-8000. A catalog of API publications and materials is published annually by API, 1220 L Street, NW ,Washington , DC 20005. 通常,API 标准至少每五年进行一次复审,并进行修订、重新确认或撤销。这个复审周期可延长两年。出版物的情况可通过美国石油学会标准部进行确定,电话:(202)682-8000。API 出版物和资料的目录每年由位于1220 L Street,NW,Washington,DC 20005 的美国石油学会发行。
Suggested revisions are invited and should be submitted to the Standards Department, API, 1220 L Street, NW, Washington, DC 20005, standards@api.org . 欢迎提出修改意见,并请提交美国石油学会标准部,地址:1220 L Street,NW,Washington,DC20005,standards@api.org。
 
 
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